Artificial Intelligence programmed by humans was totally reactive and further limited to specific reactions or clearly defined “rules.” AI was not able to absorb experience or maintain memories to help it make decisions.
The shift from rules-based learning to experiential has introduced a “self-determination” dynamic that allows machines to learn from the information they are given.
AI, at its most effective, uses Machine Learning and Deep Learning tools. With machine learning, computers have acquired the capability to teach themselves. They are no longer dependent on a human programmer. Using deep learning techniques, AI can now make its own rules.
Voltaire summed it up before Spiderman quoted him in the movies … “With great power comes great responsibility.”
The Soul Algorithm
In 1950, when Turing presented his paper he was questioning if computers could really “think.” Since then, popular culture has given us “The Jetsons,” “2001 a Space Odyssey,” “Star Trek,” and the Star Wars franchise. So on-screen, in classrooms, and in the workplace machines are thinking.