Opinion: Upwork (UPWK) is more valuable than LinkedIn


Businesses Face a Skills Gap

In addition to the increasing specialization of work, several other factors are exacerbating skills shortages. According to a 2014 study by the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, labor mobility has been trending downwards since the 1980s. Due to the costs of relocation, labor immobility can often result in a local skills gap or persistent regional supply-demand imbalances within skill categories. In 2018, the number of visas sought by U.S. employers for skilled workers was over twice as high as the number available, and additional restrictions on immigration may increase skills shortages. Moreover, population aging is occurring throughout the world, with many countries facing growing labor force shortages due to demographic changes. Illustrating these difficulties, according to a survey conducted by the NFIB Research Center, 88% of small businesses surveyed that were hiring, or trying to hire, reported few or no qualified applicants for the positions they were trying to fill as of April 2018.